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Renaissance Art Gallery - Works of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects

Renaissance Art Gallery

Renaissance Art Gallery - Works of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects

In many parts of Europe, Early Renaissance art was created in parallel with Late Medieval art. By 1500 the Renaissance style prevailed. As Late Renaissance art (Mannerism) developed, it took on different and distinctive characteristics in every region.

The influences upon the development of Renaissance art in the early 15th century are those that also affected Philosophy, Literature, Architecture, Theology, Science, Government and other aspects of society.



  • The use of perspective: The first major treatment of the painting as a window into space appeared in the work of Giotto di Bondone, at the beginning of the 14th century. True linear perspective was formalized later, by Filippo Brunelleschi and Leon Battista Alberti. In addition to giving a more realistic presentation of art, it moved Renaissance painters into composing more paintings.
  • Foreshortening - The term foreshortening refers to the artistic effect of shortening lines in a drawing so as to create an illusion of depth.
  • Sfumato - The term sfumato was coined by Italian Renaissance artist, Leonardo da Vinci, and refers to a fine art painting technique of blurring or softening of sharp outlines by subtle and gradual blending of one tone into another through the use of thin glazes to give the illusion of depth or three-dimensionality. This stems from the Italian word sfumare meaning to evaporate or to fade out. The Latin origin is fumare, to smoke. The opposite of sfumato is chiaroscuro.
  • Chiaroscuro - The term chiaroscuro refers to the fine art painting modeling effect of using a strong contrast between light and dark to give the illusion of depth or three-dimensionality. This comes from the Italian words meaning light (chiaro) and dark (scuro), a technique which came into wide use in the Baroque Period.;
    Sfumato is the opposite of chiaroscuro.
  • Balance and Proportion: proper sizes.

Lives and Works of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects

Italian artists

Leone Battista Alberti (1404–1472)

Fra Angelico (c.1395-1455)

Biagio d'Antonio

Giotto di Bondone (1267–1337)


Sandro Botticelli


Domenico Veneziano

Filippo Lippi

Andrea del Castagno

Piero di Cosimo

Paolo Uccello

Antonello da Messina


Andrea Mantegna

Luca Signorelli

Alessio Baldovinetti

Piero della Francesca


Andrea del Verrocchio

Domenico Ghirlandaio

Benozzo Gozzoli

Carlo Crivelli

Leonardo da Vinci



French artists

Jean Fouquet

Jean Clouet

François Clouet

Barthélemy d'Eyck

Nicolas Froment

Jean Hey (formerly known as the Master of Moulins)

Simon Marmion

Enguerrand Quarton

German artists

Hans Baldung (c.1480-1545), Alsatian

Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472–1553)

Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515–1586)

Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528)

Matthias Grünewald (c.1470-1528)

Hans Holbein the Elder (c.1460-1524)

Hans Holbein the Younger (c.1497–1543)

Ambrosius Holbein (1494–1519)

Artists of the Low Countries

Jean Bellegambe (c.1470-1535)

Hieronymus Bosch (c.1450-1516)

Dirk Bouts

Robert Campin (c.1380-1444)

Petrus Christus (1410/1420-1472)

Jacques Daret

Gerard David (c.1455–1523)

Hubert van Eyck (1366?-1426)

Jan van Eyck (1385?-1440?)

Geertgen tot Sint Jans

Hugo van der Goes

Adriaen Isenbrant (c.1490-1551)

Limbourg brothers

Quentin Matsys (1466–1530)

Hans Memling (c.1430-1494)

Joachim Patinir

Roger van der Weyden (Rogier de la Pasture)

Spanish Artists

Bartolomé Bermejo

Ayne Bru

Juan de Flandes

Jaume Huguet

Pablo de San Leocadio

Kanio Matthewius

Matticus Dufficus

Petablo Roebuet

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